What Is Family Planning?
Based on the definition offered by the World Health Organization, “Family planning allows people to attain their desired number of children and determine the spacing of pregnancies. It is achieved through use of contraceptive methods and the treatment of infertility.” Family Planning Methods help couples promote the welfare of their family, while also mutually enhancing each other’s sexual and reproductive health. Likewise, it helps single, sexually active males and females avoid unplanned pregnancy.
Who Should Undertake Family Planning?
All sexually active males and females, must proactively seek family planning information and sexuality education to help them select appropriate methods of family planning that suit their health and personal preferences. All available methods will help avoid pregnancy.
What Family Planning Methods Are Available?
There are many modern means of contraception available although many adults prefer natural family planning methods which requires fertility awareness, and time sexual intercourse with the menstrual cycle. Modern contraception, also available as family planning methods in UAE, includes the following:
- Oral Birth Control Pills. These are available in low doses and work by influencing the hormone levels of the female partner, preventing the release of eggs from the ovaries to prevent pregnancy.
- Contraceptive Patch, Vaginal Ring, or hormonal implant (Implanon). Both are designed to function like birth control pills but work by releasing hormone-inhibiting via skin absorption.
- Intrauterine Device. This is inserted into the uterus. It works by preventing fertilization. Some types deliberately damage the sperm while other types block it off from getting near the egg.
- Male and Female Condoms. These provide a physical barrier that stops fertilization by either containing the sperm (male condom) or, blocking off the sperm from getting near the egg (female condom). Male and female condoms also provide protection from sexually transmitted infections, including HIV.
- Surgical methods. These methods are also termed, “permanent contraception”. Vasectomy for males works by cutting the vas deferens, blocking the sperm’s pathway. Tubal ligation for females work by cutting the fallopian tubes, blocking the pathway of eggs.
- Emergency Contraception Pills. Colloquially termed the “morning after pill,” it can help prevent pregnancy for up to 5 days following unprotected sex. It works by delaying ovulation, allowing the sperm to die before an egg is released.